Realism In The Six Day War

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Israel has been at an almost constant state of tension with its neighbors since it gained its independence in May 1948. The Jewish people, who have been persecuted and murdered for their faith and culture since biblical times, have always inhabited the Middle Eastern country of Israel. In 1881, the first Aaliyah, or wave of Jewish immigration, came into the nation, and four waves followed in the next 60 years. It wasn’t until the creation of Zionism, however, that the Jewish people began to covet the Land of Israel as the place promised to them by God to be the Jewish homeland. Thus tensions with close Arab countries began, as the Jews took over and “forced out” the previous inhabitants. Friction intensified when the United Nations partitioned Palestine in 1947, leading to the first Arab-Israeli War in 1948 after the Arab League rejected the partition and the second Arab-Israeli War in 1956, also known as the Suez Crisis. (Shlaim, 1996) The inevitable Six Day War, which can be understood using offensive realism with offensive dominant characteristics, was caused by Arab-Israeli tensions, was started due to the antagonism and threats from Egyptian President Nasser, which was further manifested by the removal of the United Nations Emergency …show more content…
Realism focuses on the international, or third image, motives for the way states behave. It stresses the fact that anarchy in the international system leads states to being self-interested and seeking to accumulate as much power as possible, foregoing any other states. There are three different types of realist thinking: human nature, defensive, and offensive. Human nature realism is a first image theory, which means that it focuses on the idea that individual choices are what causes outcomes in international relations. This form of realism states that it is “human nature” for individuals to seek power over other actors. (Shlaim,

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