Rawls Justice Theory
Justice as fairness is a type of distributive justice, arrived at via designing perfect procedural justice, irrespective of the specific outcome. Using comparison as methodology, John Rawls sets out to dismiss other possible types of political and economic arrangements as unethical. His proposed thought experiment encourages the reader to disrespect all natural and societal endowments and see oneself as an output of an undeserved interplay of coincidences.
In his line of reasoning, one cannot simply reap the fruits of their initial position in society and its repercussions, without realizing that everything they consider set and given is shaped by continuous change/evolution and can …show more content…
This requires recourse to work Rawls where a general question that arises reads as follows:
How could exist for a long time a just and stable society free and equal citizens, who remain profoundly divided by reasonable religious, philosophical and moral doctrines?
To answer the question and support the idea of justice as fairness briefly mentioned the beginning of the document, Rawls sets forth the guiding principles of its argumentative work around justice. These principles-expressed by Rawls are:
* Each person has the right to require a scheme of rights and basic freedoms and egalitarian character appropriate, in a scheme that is similar for everyone.
* Social and economic inequalities are justified only on condition related to posts and positions open to all under conditions of fair equality at all and when these positions and functions shall be exercised in the best interests of the less privileged members of society.
"These principles governing the basic institutions of a democratic constitutional rights, basic freedoms and opportunities as well as the requirements of equality, complementing a valid argument in the second part of the second …show more content…
This political vision is adaptable to the various reasonable doctrines (...). iii) .- The political conception of justice, expressed in terms of contents that are considered fundamental ideas implicit in the public political culture of a democratic society (...).
A way to close ... John Rawls's proposal involves different elements that develop their idea of justice, based on the individual role and the concept that each individual forms -from their convictions, feelings, identification with the environment, among others. All this is brought on an analytical level in order to conceive justice as equals among the subjects, involving subjective elements and forms of action of each participant subject in the community, reaching a capacity of cooperation It is reproduced in generational planes. Generally speaking, the conception of society as fair system of cooperation can be summarized in the principles established by Rawls, which include the