Racism And Race
The Enlightenment introduced the idea of enlightening the inferiors. This admits that there were differences between the people of a society and between people of different societies. Therefore, the advocates of the Enlightenment believed that they should receive “special treatment”. Racism, however, as a cultural movement, was a widespread idea in the history of 19th century Europe, as France was a true center of racist theories, especially anti-Semitic ones. An important factor that led to the genesis of racism were the modern nationalistic political theories. Racism, changed from a cultural doctrine and a theoretical ideology, the way it was viewed in the 19th century, to an official ideology and a political practice through the Italian Fascism and the German Nazism in the 20th century. This paper argues that the politics and political views and values played the biggest role in the development of racism and an ‘ideology’ of …show more content…
The Legionnaires assassinated people that were not part of the Hebrew culture as well for political reasons, or “moral” reasons (real homosexuals or alleged homosexuals), or often even due to personal quarrels and disagreements. These assassinations affected about two thirds of the Romanian populations and a third of the Jewish population in Romania. However, the ratio of Jewish people killed to non-Jewish people in Romania by the Legionnaires is about twenty to one. The members of the Iron Guard planned and executed the biggest pogrom in the history of Wallachia, where a hundred Jewish people were killed, some of which were hung on slaughterhouse-type hooks, where their bodies were mutilated. Similar to the other fascist movements in Europe at that time, the Legionnaire movement was created by Codreanu as an point of view or an answer to the threat of Soviet-based communism. Again, the main factor that led to the horrors that happened in my home country were political views.
About the origins of the movement, Romanian historian Neagu Djuvara writes: “The Legionnaire Movement was an autochthonous movement, born from anticommunist groups of students, one of which happened to be led by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu.” Corneliu Codreanu declared himself as a faithful adept of Hitler’s politics. The members of