Punishment Approaches And Approaches Of Rehabilitation And Restoration

787 Words Sep 30th, 2015 4 Pages
The evolution of corrections throughout history has been key in forming what is the contemporary criminal justice system across a range of Anglo-American countries; such as the US, England, Wales and other European countries. The development of the correctional systems is intrinsically linked with the development of the broad philosophical, political and social themes which influence criminal justice space. Retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, isolation, incapacitation, reintegration, restitution and restoration are major punishment philosophies of which guide modern corrective programs, agencies and institutions through ideology and policy. Constant debate surrounds these corrective programs, agencies and institutions, to determine what the most efficient approach to reduce and control crime is. At the front of such a debate is the comparison of punishment approaches and approaches of rehabilitation and restoration. This essay will look at what the defining elements of each corrective model is, how these models have developed over time and how they are presented in the contemporary criminal justice system. Moreover, these methods will be compared and contrasted to determine what their distinguishing elements are and if there is a scope in which they can be brought together into a singular model.
Some believe that defining punishment is a trivial task which is not essential to the recognition of punishment cases being imposed upon individuals. Practices such as monetary…

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