Public Health And Environmental Inequalities: Article Analysis

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1. Brulle, R. J., & Pellow, D. N. (2006). Environmental Justice: Human health and
Environmental inequalities. Annual Review of Public Health, 27, 103-124. doi:10.1146/annurev.publhealth.27.021405.102124

In this article it analyzes the health and environmental disparities between different ethnicities and socioeconomic groups in the United States. It sheds light to not only the increasing gap between those with higher socioeconomic status to those of colour, but also the relationship to environmental pollution that supplement to health inequities as well. Throughout it establishes an interconnection that the poor, usually people of colour, are residing in the vicinity of environmental hazards, this can be considered to be environmental racism.
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Within the article is establishes that NCDs are higher in low income countries and people that those with higher income. Those living in lower socioeconomic countries are not able to access healthcare, leading to a late diagnosis, or the healthcare available is not adequate enough to treat the disease. Conversely even high-income countries experience this trend; that NCD mortality is higher in people with lower socioeconomic status within the country. There is extensive use of empirical and quantitative data between and within countries to show socioeconomic and NCD inequalities. The article it makes use of the social and lay models health considering disparities, but also socioeconomic statuses and cultures as well. This was thought-provoking by the comprehensive detail gave hard evidence to prove the clear correlation between social aspects and its effect on health, making it interesting and …show more content…
Due to climate change extreme weather pattern shift, flooding, droughts, redistribution of vector born diseases, food and water insecurity are among some of the consequences to come. The article establishes that public health is becoming a threat, there must be an adequate method to acting to the changes to through all sectors of society integrating responses from governmental, private and non governmental. As public health becomes more vulnerable due to climate change, preparedness is a key aspect to strategizing for what is to come. Approaches such as mitigation, adaptation, and prevention all contribute to this concept of public health preparedness, however it must be recognized the variation of how climate change will effect each region and how to address it through this concept. Various cases are used to demonstrate public health response to previous climate change effects, such as Hurricane Katrina and the Cryptococcus gattii outbreak. This issue was seen in the course when looking at WHO’s study finding that global warming contributed to approximately 140,000 excess deaths annually between 1970 to 2004. From this article it helped to clarify how detrimental climate change is to public health and health inequalities that disproportionately effect some of the most vulnerable. This issue is significantly relevant as climate change

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