Prostate Cancer : An Abnormal Growth Of Tissues Essay
The prostate gland is a pear shaped gland, part of the internal male reproductive system. It lies below the bladder enclosing within it the prostatic urethra. The gland is encapsulated and held to the bladder by the Denonvilliers aponeurosis. It produces fluid that forms part of the semen that help nourish the sperm. Prostatic tumors are either benign or malignant. Prostatic carcinoma is a non-cutaneous carcinoma involving the prostate gland. It is the most common cancer affecting the American males.
Prostate cancer has a number of etiologies. The risk factors are grouped as either genetic risk factors or environmental risk factors. The genetic risk factors are as follows.
Chromosomal abnormalities; Studies have shown that certain variants in the 8q24 region of chromosome 8 are associated with increased risk to develop prostate cancer. Some of the mutations tend to occur on chromosome 1, the hereditary prostate cancer 1 gene and the PCAP genes have been found to be predisposing factors to prostate cancer…