President Xi Jinping's Anti-Corruption Campaign

Upon President Xi Jinping took office, China’s anti-corruption campaign has progressively carried out under his leadership. The campaign has caused controversy in its effectiveness as guanxi leadership is deeply-seated in China. Guanxi, in Chinese context, refers to “reciprocal relationship between people, and preferential treatment given to the partners in an exchange, in the form of easy access to limited resources, increased access to controlled information, credit grants, and protection from external competitors” (Guan, 2009). Some people believed that guanxi culture can hardly change with one-party dictatorship, thus the anti-corruption campaign could and would not be effectively implemented. However, the form of political party is not the most significant element in evaluating the campaign’s effectiveness, instead, effective should be defined as efforts in legislation, action, policy intensification and prevention. With these comprehensive strategies, President Xi Jinping and his team did effectively minimize the influence of guanxi culture in the Chinese officialdom through anti-corruption campaign.

President Xi has shown his strong political will in eliminating the impacts of guanxi leadership. Firstly, Xi Jinping is the first president who has unprecedented determination to fight corruption since the establishment of People’s Republic of China. He carries out political revolution to tackle
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According to the State Council of the People’s Republic of China (2016), “China has signed 39 extradition treaties and 52 judicial assistance treaties, the parties include Western countries such as France, Spain, Italy and Portugal etc:”. With these treaties, the anti-corruption has became an international task in hunting fugitives, and the cooperated mechanism could positively contribute to the success of Chinese’ anti-corruption

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