Poverty And Its Effects On Children Essay

1184 Words Oct 13th, 2016 5 Pages
People who are most likely to experience poverty, for reasons beyond their own control but not due to chance or laziness, are known as populations at risk. Children comprise the United States’ largest population at risk. The child poverty rate today is higher than it was 40 years ago. Between 2008 and 2010, the poverty rate for children under the age of 18 rose from 19 percent to 22 percent (more than one child in five, over 14 million; US Census Bureau News, 2009; income, poverty and health in the United States: 2009-Highlights; About poverty – Highlights, 2011). While the poverty rate is high among all children, the proportion of poor children who are members of ethnic minorities are higher. Children at risk experience neglect and abuse. Neglect accounts for over three-quarters of confirmed cases of child maltreatment in the United States. Neglect receives less attention than physical and sexual abuse from practitioners, researchers, and the media. Neglect is not well understood and is difficult to identify, prevent and treat effectively. The Child Welfare Information Gateway says “Neglect was either the sole cause or one of the contributors to over 68 percent of the 1,560 child maltreatment-related deaths in 2010 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). These statistics include only children who came to the attention of State child protective services (CPS) agencies.” Neglect is commonly defined in State law as the failure of a parent or other person with…

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