Poectic Analsis on Sonnet 18 Shakespeare Essay

2549 Words May 13th, 2011 11 Pages

Sonnet 18
1 Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
2 Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
3 Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
4 And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
5 Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
6 And often is his gold complexion dimmed,
7 And every fair from fair sometime declines,
8 By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:
9 But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
10 Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest,
11 Nor shall death brag thou wanderest in his shade,
12 When in eternal lines to time thou growest,
13 So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
14 So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

Stylistic analysis
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Rhyme scheme ‘is the pattern of end rhymes in a poem, which is usually noted by letters’ (Fandel, 2006). Normally refers to final syllable of different lines of poetry in which the vowel and syllable final consonants are identical.
The rhyme scheme in this poem is ABAB (‘day’in line 1, ‘temperate’ in line 2, ‘may’ in line 3, ‘date’ in line 4), CDCD (‘shines’ in line5, ‘dimmed’ in line 6, ‘declines’ in line 7, ‘untrimmed’ in line 8), EFEF(‘fade’ in line 9, ‘owest’ in line 10, ‘shade’ in line 11, ‘growest’ in line 12) GG (‘see’ in line 13, ‘thee’ in line 14).
Sounds which are similar but not identical may be half- rhyme, for instance, /s/ in ‘as’, ‘see’ and /z/ in ‘eyes’ (Line 13).

-Internal rhyme
Internal rhyme is rhyme that identical sounds happens in the middle of a line. For example, (a) /ai/ in ‘time’, ‘line’, ‘eye’, (b) /ei/ sound in ‘day’, ‘shake’, ‘date’, and ‘fade’, (c) /t/ sound in ‘owes’t, ‘wanderest’, and ‘growest’.

Metre is a binary system. Syllables are either: strong (/) (‘ictus’) or weak (x) (‘remiss’). The two basic patterns of (/ x) and (x /) referred to as ‘feet’. Metre in English verse is ‘a level of organization which is based on a two-term contrast between positions in a line which should contain strong and weak syllables’ (Short, 1996). In the sonnet, Shakespeare uses the formal conventions of rhythmical structure, iambic pentameter, i.e. lines of ten syllables with an unstressed/ stressed beat. Iambic

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