Essay about Plato 's Views On The City Of Speech

1193 Words Nov 29th, 2016 5 Pages
Plato In The Republic, Plato acts as a scribe and recounts a particular evening that his teach Socrates had spent with his fellow Greeks, discussing various political topics. In the book, Plato outlines what Socrates’ thought justice was, and what a perfectly just city (the “city of speech”) would be like. One of the foundational principles in Plato’s just city is specialization. Each person does what they are best at, and don’t meddle in another’s affairs. By specializing, society is divided into three different classes. The first class focuses on producing necessary goods and services (carpenters, farmers, doctors, etc.), but later unnecessary, luxury goods will be desired. To guard these goods and protect the city, a warrior class will be required, and by selecting those who demonstrate exceptional courage, our second class of citizens, the auxiliaries, is created. From out of these auxiliaries, a special few who demonstrate exceptional wisdom will be required to rule, and they are called the guardians (philosopher-kings). The best and brightest will be chosen, but to avoid confrontation, Plato puts forth the idea of the “noble lie”: a person’s class is determined by the amount of gold, silver, and iron/bronze in their soul. The higher gold or silver in a person’s soul, the more likely they will be an auxiliary or guardian. Everyone will know their place, and all three classes, like the three parts of the soul these classes reflect, are in harmony. To Plato, an ideal…

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