Plato 's Theory Of Philosophy And Science Essay
As the earliest philosopher and a pivotal person from his classic era, Plato is often mistaken to be considered as merely reproducing Socratic rhetoric. Along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle, Plato is known to have laid the very foundations of Western philosophy and science. In Meno, one of the first Platonic dialogues, Plato offers his own unique philosophical theory, infused with his teacher’s brilliant sophistry.
Amongst the discussion of common topic virtue in Meno one might come across this very simple but a tricky paradox:
“How can one be virtuous, or seek virtue, when one cannot know what it is? “How will you aim to search for something you do not know at all?”
Plato, Meno, 80d.
It may sound weird at first but if we think about it, it’s certainly fascinating. It’s exactly a kind of paradox one would presume from Plato, what Plato wishes to convey from this paradox is the fact that we come into existence with certain knowledge, the knowledge which we must have somehow recollected from the soul.
When the soul enters this world bounded by space & time, Plato suggests, it carries some prior knowledge of forms known as prior; that is to say,
“the soul “remembers” its knowledge of unchangeable truths. “
- Meno, 81c-d.
Thus, follows the conclusion in Meno that education cannot teach knowledge, but rather aids a student to recall what the soul…