Physical Therapy Interventions For A Patient With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

2941 Words Apr 22nd, 2015 12 Pages
Physical Therapist Interventions for a Patient with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Jonathan De Castro
Concorde Career College

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), it is an analysis that no patients want to obtain. ALS is a gradual neurodegenerative disorder that results in damage of brain stem and spinal motor neurons and gives growth to painless weakness and muscle atrophy with few or no sensory symptoms. “Amyotrophic” stands for muscle atrophy, and “lateral sclerosis” means pathologic changes in the spinal cord that contain degeneration of the lateral columns where the corticospinal tracts are situated. Diagnosis of ALS is made on the foundation of a combination of upper motor neuron (UMN) and lower motor neuron (LMN) outcomes.

Weakness in the extremities, dysarthria, dysphagia, and head drop are of the first symptoms of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Approximately 75% of the patients present with onset in the extremities; about 21% present with onset in the bulbar area (muscles weakness of the mouth causing dysphagia, dysarthria, sialorrhea, and pseudobulbar effect.

The primary symptoms such as weakness progress slowly, but it can progress rapidly. The average survival time varies from 3 to 5 years after the first onset of symptoms. However, there are some patients that survive much longer. The attention of ALS patients is provided collaboratively by multidisciplinary ALS clinics and patients’ family physicians. After…

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