Essay on Oedipus Rex And Antigone By Sophocles

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Pride, an inward emotion, is often given a negative connotation. Synonymously used with hubris, excessive pride, the Greeks desired this quality. However, if the gods did not appreciate their hubristic attitude, they were severely punished. Sophocles replicates this quality in his plays Oedipus Rex and Antigone. The characters use their hubristic attitude unconsciously, hence, their actions result in negative consequences. Sophocles depicts hubris in Oedipus, Creon, and Antigone, which blinds them and consequently leads them to their fall.
Oedipus faces his inevitable downfall by constantly reaching immediate conclusions using his hubris. Oedipus claims to believe in Teiresias’s word, but he becomes hostile when he learns about his possible fate. The king asks for the prophet’s knowledge about the current problems occurring in his city of Thebes. Teiresias acts as the wise advisor to Oedipus, but takes another approach rather than directly advising him. Oedipus is at first willing and eager to learn from Teiresias’s knowledge, “‘We are in your hands. There is no fairer duty than that of helping others in distress…In God’s name, we all beg you—’” (Oedipus 16-17). However, the king becomes reluctant to listen to Teiresias once the prophet declares that he will not share his knowledge of the situation and resists telling him of his fate that could possibly shock him. His pride is displayed as he demands to know everything simply because he wills it, regardless of the prophet’s…

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