Essay on Non Communicable Disease

980 Words Aug 11th, 2013 4 Pages
The Global Economic Burden of Noncommunicable Diseases
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Author Info * David E. Bloom
(Harvard School of Public Health) * Elizabeth Cafiero
(Harvard School of Public Health) * Eva Jané-Llopis
(University of Nijmegen) * Shafika Abrahams-Gessel
(Harvard University) * Lakshmi Reddy Bloom
(Data for Decisions LLC) * Sana Fathima
(University of Oxford) *
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These deaths are distributed widely among the world’s population – from highincome to low-income countries and from young to old (about one-quarter of all NCD deaths occur below the age of 60, amounting to approximately 9 million deaths per year). NCDs have a large impact, undercutting productivity and boosting healthcare outlays. Moreover, the number of people affected by NCDs is expected to rise substantially in the coming decades, reflecting an ageing and increasing global population. With this in mind, the United Nations is holding its first High-Level Meeting on NCDs on 19-20 September 2011 – this is only the second time that a high-level UN meeting is being dedicated to a health topic (the first time being on HIV/ AIDS in 2001). Over the years, much work has been done estimating the human toll of NCDs, but work on estimating the economic toll is far less advanced. In this report, the World Economic Forum and the Harvard School of Public Health try to inform and stimulate further debate by developing new estimates of the global economic burden of NCDs in 2010, and projecting the size of the burden through 2030. Three distinct approaches are used to compute the economic burden: (1) the standard cost of illness method; (2) macroeconomic simulation and (3) the value of a statistical life. This report includes not only the four major NCDs

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