No Amount Of Observations Of White Swans By David Hume Essay

918 Words Aug 24th, 2015 4 Pages
David Hume once stated, “No amount of observations of white swans can allow the inference that all swans are white, yet the observation of a single black swan is sufficient to refute that conclusion.” (Lutus2013) The philosopher was stating a significant rule of science; always consider alternative explanations and never accept anything at face value. Defining an area of study as a science requires an unyielding view of the standards defining evidence, jargon and the methodological approach taken in research and experimentation. However certain areas of psychology stray from this fundamental standard when doing research, questioning the fact of whether or not it is science.
One of the more regarded ideals in a hard science is evidentiary standards. According to, scientific evidence is the results of a tested theory, or hypothesis, by objective people in a controlled environment. (Dicitonary) Psychological studies by large have an issue with adhering to the definition of scientific evidence by the influence of objective inference. Objectivity in psychology is limited by the social implications that occur through experimentation, explaining that psychologists cannot remove themselves from their work because they are part of society itself. For example, a psychologist doing research on the social implications of the “Google effect”(Lathem 2013); to effectively be objective the researcher must have never used a search engine prior to the study so as not to have a…

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