Nazi impact on education and youth
"My program for educating youth is hard. Weakness must be hammered away. In my castles of the Teutonic Order a youth will grow up before which the world will tremble. I want a brutal, domineering, fearless, cruel youth. Youth must be all that. It must bear pain. There must be nothing weak and gentle about it. The free, splendid beast of prey must once again flash from its eyes... That is how I will eradicate thousands of years of human domestication... That is how I will create the New Order." -- Adolf Hitler, 1933.
Naziism had a huge impact on German youth during Hitler’s reign of power over the state. The life of a German child changed dramatically during the 1920’s and 30’s, especially for
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Von Schirach wrote, "I am responsible to the Reich that the entire youth of Germany will be educated physically, morally and spiritually in the spirit of the National Socialist Idea of the State." Jugendbund activities were centred on achieving these objectives. There was a heavy emphasis on outdoor activities, especially hiking, camping and military training, they also did religious activities and fund raising. After the Nazis gained power young people were encouraged to join the Jugendbund and most other political youth organizations were closed down. By 1936 it was almost impossible not to join the Jugendbund. Following the outbreak of war a large number of Jugendbund members volunteered to do the work of men that now were at the front, however as the war progressed the volunteers were not enough and almost all youth were forced to take part. von Schirach was replaced by Artur Axmann who had fought in Poland and France as well as being the head of the Jugendbund Social Office. The role of the Jugendbund in the war was not only doing the civilian work of the men of the front, but soon they also began serving as flak-helpers before being sent to the front during the final part of the war.
During this time, the girls groups still remained widely overlooked. It was not until 1930 that the organization now known as the League of German Girls was