Nature And Nurture Debate

988 Words 4 Pages
Are human beings who they are, an athletic or artistic, quick tempered or calm, introvert or extrovert, energetic or laid back, because of their biological make-up or because of their environment? The question about nature versus nurture or hereditary versus environment has been asked in one form or another for donkey’s years. The whole debate began with a man named Richard Mulcaster, Mulcaster began this war with the writing of his book. “Nature makes the boy toward and nurture sees him forward (1612)’. This simply means that nature versus nurture debate plumbs the contributions of our genetic inheritance and environmental influences that shapes our thoughts and behaviour.

Frans (1997) submitted that the two schools of thought about animal
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Genes that are inherited include klinefelter’s syndrome, down syndrome, color blindness, sickle cell diseases and many more and these influence our behaviour in the environment because our action determine the reaction we get.

Every human and nonhuman inherits specific traits unique to ones own genetic code including our pattern of disposition and types of personality. These are things we inherit genetically and not environmentally. Genetically superior human and nonhuman has proved that, survival of the fittest was not a test of how environmentally prepared one was, but how genetically structured and fit an individual was.
Ethology, claim that behaviour is a product of evolution and is biologically determined, nonhuman and human being learn the adaptations necessary for survival and through the process of natural selection the fittest live to pass on their characteristics to the next generation. Konrad (1965) studied the behavior patterns of graylag geese and found that Goslings were born with an instinct to follow their mothers. This behaviour was present from birth and was part of their instinct for survival. There are some evidence to show that parent- infant contacts during the early hours and days of life are important to later parent-child relationship (Klaus and Kennel,
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Francis (1869) maintained that personality and ability depend almost entirely on genetic inheritance. He further argued that success runs in families because great intelligence is passed from generation to generation through genetic inheritance contrary to this view, social learning theorist argued that behaviour is learned and the environment influences that development. Bandura (1977), Stanford University psychologist opined that children learn by observing the behaviour of others and imitating and modeling their behaviour. Grusec (1892) submitted that a child may watch another play baseball, how to hold the bat and swing it, how to run to bases, how to catch and throw the ball. The child learn the fundamentals of the game through watching others. When given the opportunity, he or she then tries to imitate or model what was seen children are great imitators. They imitate parents caring for baby, eating, talking, walking and

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