Nature Science Essay

6226 Words Nov 22nd, 2014 25 Pages
Christine V. McLelland
GSA Distinguished Earth Science Educator in Residence

Reviewers and Contributors:
Gary B. Lewis Director, Education and Outreach, Geological Society of America

Contributing GSA Education Committee members:

Rob Van der Voo University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. Keith A. Sverdrup University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis. Mary M. Riestenberg College of Mount Saint Joseph, Cincinnati, Ohio Virginia L. Peterson Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Mich. Wendi J.W. Williams University of Arkansas, Little Rock, Ark. Sandra Rutherford Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Mich. Larissa Grawe DeSantis University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. Aida Awad Des Plaines, Ill. Stephen R. Mattox Grand Valley State
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Talking Points about Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 On the Nature of Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 On Evolution, Creation Science, and Intelligent Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Bibliography and Additional Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

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Nature of Science and the Scientific Method
“The most incomprehensible thing about the world is that it is comprehensible.” —Albert Einstein

What is Science?
Science is a methodical approach to studying the natural world. Science asks basic questions, such as how does the world work? How did the world come to be? What was the world like in the past, what is it like now, and what will it be like in the future? These questions are answered using observation, testing, and interpretation through logic. Most scientists would not say that science leads to an understanding of the truth. Science is a determination of what is most likely to be correct at the current time with the evidence at our disposal. Scientific explanations can be inferred from confirmable data only, and observations and experiments must be reproducible and verifiable by other individuals. In other words, good science is based on information that can be measured or seen and verified by other scientists. The scientific method, it could be said, is a way of learning

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