Natural Rights And Utilitarianism : Ethical Philosophies Based On Human Nature And Dictates On The Fundamentals Of Mankind

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Natural rights and utilitarianism are two ethical philosophies based on human nature and dictates on the fundamentals of humankind. The two concepts are incompatible since they are disparate in aspects such as; their principles on human nature and judgement, beliefs of the government’s purpose and responsibility, and their application of principles to achieve social and political unity. Natural rights are heavily based on the entitlement of rights, whereas utilitarianism emphasises the notion of self-interest and consequentialism.

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, John Locke and Thomas Jefferson both had an influential impact on the development of liberal ideology. Due to this, the term ‘rights’ is commonly prevalent in politics. Natural rights state every individual is born with rights which cannot be removed by force or law. It is the entitlement to be able to act or to be treated in a specific way. According to natural rights, the essential human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. In order to maintain stability in society, Locke exclaimed humans should have a right and duty to live peacefully without any threat.

Locke and Jefferson both stated natural rights originated from its correlation between human beings, nature and God. Natural rights are the establishment of an individual’s core necessities in life. Locke considered the centralised three rights as; ‘life, liberty and property’. The property was not only the materialistic ownership of…

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