Native Language And The Japanese Language Essay

1336 Words Aug 17th, 2015 6 Pages
Belonging to the Japonic language family, the Japanese language exclusively belongs to the Japanese people. Unlike languages such as English and Spanish, where their languages have been adopted by other countries such as New Zealand and Mexico and therefore isn’t just spoken in their home countries of England and Spain. Japanese is a unique and distinct Asian language used only in Japan. Japanese language is also a prime example for discourse analysis because it is a refined and complex language. Discourse analysis studies the overall larger aspect of language and how the language flows and connects. In some aspects of discourse analysis, it studies how the language is understood and how the meaning of sentences is affected. “Keigo” (敬語) or honorific expressions in Japanese are an almost basic equivalent to addressing a “Mister” and “Mrs” in English, however, what sets Japanese honorifics and English honorifics is that there are many of them and are mandatory in many formal and informal social situations. The purpose of Keigo is to set a hierarchal form of conversation, to emphasize social classes and rank as well as intimacy and similarity. But a key idea that must be mentioned to understand Keigo is that it is not used to just show respect, but rather then intent to respect. There are three levels of Keigo: “Teneigo” which is used in daily life and when the speaker doesn’t know the other person very well. “Sonkeigo” which is used only by the emperor and his family. It is…

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