Napoleon Case Study

Superior Essays
Register to read the introduction… In 1804, he implemented Code Napoleon, officially know as the civil code of 1804. This code provided for a single legal system for France, equality before the law and careers open to talent. It also granted freedom of religion, abolished serfdom and secularized the state. However, on the less liberal side of the spectrum, workers were denied collective bargaining (Negotiation between workers and their employers to determine wages, hours, rules, and working conditions.), trade unions were outlawed and a system of labor passports was instituted. His incentive for this side of the code was probably to limit political freedom. The code also robbed the women of many of their social and legal gains accomplished during the French Revolution. Women now had to ask for the approval of a man (most likely their husband) before they could do just about anything and divorce was much harder for a woman to get. In other words, they were treated like dirt …show more content…
Napoleon definitely wanted to establish a state system of public education. This would mean that schools would be managed and run by the state instead of the church and the education would be paid for by the state. This would allow him a better selection of future officials to choose from; the secular curriculum would make sure of that. Education would also teach the young obedience and authority, both were high points for Napoleon. The University of France was eventually created by Napoleon as a board of education that ensured state control of education. However, again on the non-liberal side of things, women did not require an education, they only required religion.
     The economy was yet another reasonably important topic for Napoleon, as the French Revolution was partly caused by poor economy. To ensure that the French economy would please the people, Napoleon made sure that careers were open to men of talent (as discussed before) and that bread prices would be low so that more people could afford it. Also, to stimulate the economy, Napoleon aided industry through tariffs and loans and built bridges, roads, and canals to improve transportation routes. A Bank of France was also established by Napoleon later

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    He also made new laws on jobs, they didn't hire you based on what social class you are on the hired you on skill so that everyone is equal not only hire classed people. Another law that Napoleon used was the Napoleonic Code was a main idea of the enlightenment principles such as equality of all citizens before any law. Napoleon wasn't the best reformer but he did some things that that the french revolution might have not agreed with for example Men had complete authority of his wives or children, and women lost all there rights of citizenship so napoleon had a few flaws but he tried to do his best to make his country the best…

    • 1221 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Napoleon mended the rift between the church and then had separation of church and state. This idea comes from the Enlightenment thinker Montesquieu. Many witnesses on the defence approved of this law, like the French School Teacher. He felt that due to the separation of Church and State, the education was now in the hands of the government and the education was therefore more useful had any of the children wanted to have a career in politics and such. Napoleon was a big believer in religious tolerance, something that was not very common in the rest of Europe at the time.…

    • 1722 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    During his conquests he developed his most famous reform, the Napoleonic code; it included laws that would affect all aspects of the country and controlled area. Under his code, he established that all men have equal rights and eliminated class privileges. By giving his citizens rights, it contradicted the long standing belief that the Church was more deserving. People felt that if they were entitled to rights, they had more worth. Napoleon also allowed divorces, which were previously prohibited by the Catholic Church; through his reforms, he removed some of the ecclesiastical power.…

    • 962 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    When Napoleon left France, he left many of his social and political advancements in place. The Napoleonic code was left in place because simply it worked. John Locke’s social, contractual and natural rights ideas made it into the Napoleonic code, further proving his massive role in the revolution. The new laws left France in a better place socially than before the revolution. European leaders also were stuck with fear that their countries would see that light in Locke’s ideas of what a government should and shouldn’t be, and revolt against their leaders.…

    • 1271 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Napoleon seemingly encouraged and took importance on the liberty and equality, but some people contradict that he was nothing more than a dictator. According to an article, "Napoleon and Hitler," Napoleon is compared with Hitler, a former German dictator. In the book, what Napoleon did was similar to what Hitler did, and the author, Steven Englund, describes, "Inside France (as of course outside), public opinion was closely controlled; journalism was greatly reduced in its sources and hedged about with regulations, and, along with literature, was censored; the arts and letters (especially history) were pressed into official service. Political parties were virtually outlawed, and the vibrant, foaming political life of society and regime, as the 1790s had known it, had come to a halt, replaced by cults of "gloire" and "the leader" (l 'Empereur), by centralized administration and by show-by uniforms and soldiers" (Englund 155). After the declaration of Napoleonic imperial state, Napoleon suppressed the freedom and restricted the expression strictly; his suppression was equivalent to the characteristics of autocracy.…

    • 1080 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Before the French revolution, The Catholic Church had dominated French society and all other religions were looked down upon . This changed when Napoleon became emperor. He was able to reached an agreement with the Pope allowing the Church a major role in French society while providing religious freedom for all others. This also included Freedom for people of Jewish Faith Discrimination against Jews was a serious issue In various parts of Europe, they were been forced to wear arm bands, kept from certain professions, made to live in ghettos, and prevented from attending their synagogues. Napoleon put an end to all of those restrictions, made Jews full citizens of France.…

    • 1349 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Sense of nationalism breached from the sense of pride that Napoleon had in bettering his country. For example, physically Napoleon was able to improve France 's buildings and canals while also using his authority to regulate prices of goods and keeping the economy steady. Politically he was able to eradicate the Directory, an elected legislature and an executive branch made up of five directors, which failed to provide the stability the French people yearned for. In religious context Napoleon was able to negotiate the Concordat, which required the clergy to swear an oath of loyalty to the state and give up the claim to confiscate property. In 1802 Napoleon swore in the Organic Articles, which permitted the French government to establish supremacy of the state over the church; thus being able to give the people more leniency in religious pursuits.This complies to Voltaire 's ideas, state in “Treatise On Tolerance”, that in order to have a thorough society, France must become religiously tolerant.…

    • 1202 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He just wants to make it affordable and make it a right to anyone who wants it. Although Mill argues that each individual should decide if he wants to pursue higher education, in the case of compulsory education, he believes that "Were the duty of enforcing universal education once admitted, there would be an end to the difficulties about what the State should teach, and how it should teach" (Mill, On Liberty). People can decide whether they want to persue higher education, and if the government is facilitating the process by making college affordable or free, the government, given that is just and rule by philosophers, in my opinion and on Plato 's,…

    • 1376 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The people had no concept of rights; however, under the law the people perceived as equal. Therefore, by Rousseau providing a definitive description of what government should be, prompted the Third Estate representatives to include this contemporary idea, government is for the people, protects the rights of the people and the citizens themselves limited the power of the government. The reign of absolute monarchy conceived a negative atmosphere in France. However, the philosophies of the Enlightenment period administered an initiation of change. Furthermore, led to significant legislative change, which introduced the concept of people no longer the subjects of the king but as citizens protected by the…

    • 928 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Another Enlightenment idea incorporated into the Napoleonic code was religious tolerance. Prior to the Enlightenment, there was very little tolerance for religions that were not of the ruling party. Post-Enlightenment, however, people began to grow a necessary understanding of more and more religious beliefs. Napoleon saw that the main culprit of many failed governments were the citizens of that country, such as in France. He knew his only option was to allow people certain freedoms in order to corral the citizens of France.…

    • 469 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays