Mycenaean Civilization And Minoan Civilization

1409 Words 6 Pages
The Mycenaean civilization, the first advanced civilization that arose in the southern and central Greece around 1600 BCE, flourished in the last phase of the Bronze Age. It extended its influence throughout the Peloponnese, across the Aegean on Crete, and the Cycladic islands. The Mycenaean Greeks were influenced by the Minoan civilization. It is likely that they imported Minoan culture, along with goods. The Minoan architecture, art, and religious practices were imported and later adapted to better fit the more militaristic and strict Mycenaean culture.
The civilization was dominated by a warrior elite society and consisted of a network of palace states with rigid hierarchical, political, social and economic systems, such as Mycenae, Tiryns,
…show more content…
The Mycenaean palaces, though still functioning and filled with treasure, were abandoned, and later burned and destroyed. This is thought to be the first wave of destruction. Despite this first wave, there was a short-lived revival of the culture, with the strengthening and expansion of the fortifications. However, the trade declined in the Eastern Mediterranean during this time, and in spite of the defense measures, a second destruction struck the civilization. The palace of Pylos, located in the southwestern Peloponnese, faced destruction with fire around 1180 BCE. Almost all of the palaces of the Mycenaean civilization were destroyed and up to 90% of small sites in the Peloponnese area were abandoned. As a result, the population decreased …show more content…
In his book “Collapse” (2005), Diamond introduces a five point framework of possible factors contributing to a society’s collapse. The five points are environmental damage caused by the people, climate change, hostile neighbors, decrease of friendly trade partners, and the society’s responses to its problems with dysfunctional political and cultural practices. Diamond also introduces factors that contribute to the failure of group decision-making. These include the failure to anticipate problems, the failure to perceive the problem when it arises, the failure to try to solve the problem when recognized, and the failure to succeed in solving the

Related Documents