Morality In Voltaire's Candide

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Curtis “Stickman” Brummitt Looking at the history of humanity, one can see that we are a people whom claim to have strong ties to morality, with the ability to actively determine right and wrong, yet every day we stray further and further from the rightness we so often claim to possess. Poets and writers, already known for criticizing humanity for its every flaw, have unsurprisingly leapt at the opportunity to again berate humans for their disregard for doing the right thing.
“We must cultivate our garden.” The final crew in Voltaire’s Candide meet up with a wise, normal Muslim man near the end of the book. Pangloss inquires as to the names of the people whom were hung recently, but the Muslim responds that he doesn’t know before inviting
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In Candide’s second chapter, a group of Bulgar soldiers conscribe Candide essentially just due to his height, force him to run a training gauntlet, and flog him several times whenever he is done. Eventually Candide tries to run away, but the Bulgars caught him and were about to put him to death when our hapless hero was suddenly saved by the Bulgar King (Voltaire 357-358), whom doubtless needed the good publicity for saving a man.
Candide is then reunited with Pangloss, whom then relates a quick version of the story of the war that came to Westphalia and how it was destroyed, along with Candide’s love, Cunegonde (Voltaire 360). Later in the story, Candide is met again to the somehow still living Cunegonde, whom reveals that she was indeed disemboweled, but she survived (Voltaire 365-366). Running from the things relayed by Swift’s Gulliver about causes of war, mentioned prior, it can be inferred that the Bulgars went to war against the land of Westphalia because of some asinine reason, with the answer of “which?” being left up to the reader’s
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Still, all aspects of the comedic filter are lost in the end of the movie, falling aside to prepare for Chaplin’s true message of the film. Chaplin seemed to recognize the futility of conflicts as those mentioned in the prior works: of warfare and the reasoning it stems from. The final speech, of which it is dubious as to whether it is the Barber speaking or if the movie had already ended to give room for Chaplin himself, is one that addresses humanity and the path it has so harshly fallen

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