Montesquieu Vision Analysis

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In terms of government, England’s could be considered one of the most influential to America’s. When Montesquieu referred to a successful government, he believed a separation of powers in one form or another was vital. Without separation of powers, tyranny and corruption would easily destroy a government. This foundation led to the basis of the American Constitution.
Nature:
When the American Constitution was created, there was a lot of critique about all the things that were lacking. A man named Publius wrote the Federalists in regards to what was lacking in the constitution. One of the most important was the preservation of liberty. Publius stated the preservation of liberty requires 3 separate powers in the government. These powers were
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The constitution can state bounds for each power, but does that truly mean that each individual power won’t overstep their boundaries? Publius wrote the Federalists in regards to this issue. It is the added benefit of each power being independent of each other, and being in conflict with each other. It creates a checks and balance system to the government.
Montesquieu’s Vision: Reflecting the United States’ constitution on Montesquieu vision, many similarities exist with very few difference. Montesquieu’s vison was based on England’s government in which he thought had the constitution for political liberty. The major difference between America and England is that England had a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch was limited by the legislative power (aka parliament). In regards to liberty, Montesquieu laid out a couple requirements for the government. The most important would be the ability to elect their own person to obey. This person would have to have citizenship in their nation in which they had to follow laws like everybody else. For the protection against corruption, Montesquieu states that the people have absolute authority to overthrow their government when it begins to turn
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Montesquieu stated that all states have a general purpose, but individually they are vastly difference. He demonstrated this by comparing Rome’s desire for expansion, Lacedaemonia’s love for war, and China’s public tranquility prospect. Comparing that observation to the American state, a correlation is shown. All the states wanted “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness,” but each state was independent in their prime objectives (Montesquieu CP, 40). These become very apparent in “Jefferson’s Draft” of the

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