Moliere 's A Satire On The Religious Hypocrite, And Voltaire 's 1759

1186 Words Nov 12th, 2014 null Page
Moliere’s 1664 comedy “Tartuffe” and Voltaire’s 1759 novel “Candide” are two signature works which criticize against nobility, philosophy, the church, and social prejudice. They are often considered representative texts of the Enlightenment by satirizing a number of Enlightenment philosophies and indicating that the Enlightenment was a worldwide movement. How do they do it?

In Tartuffe, Moliere makes a satire on the religious hypocrite and presents an Enlightenment thought that females are capable of reason. In Moliere’s world, women are rational and clever. They choose to subvert the irrational patriarchy. The reader can see that it is the female characters reveal the hypocrite Tartuffe and his evil, showing their clear sense of right and wrong. Any by unmasking Tartuffe, they bring everything back to where it should be. Notice at that time, women live in completely subordination to fathers and husbands due to patriarchal authority, which was a normal thing in society.

In Tartuffe, one can see this similar relationship through Orgon, the father who tries to exert authority over other members of the family. According to the text: “Well said. And so to prove that you’re sincere,
And worthy of my love, you have the task
Of doing for me anything I ask” (2.1, 6-9)
Orgon tells his daughter Mariane that Tartuffe will be her husband, without considering her opinion. This is where the conflict starts. It also demonstrates that he can not see through what is really going on under…

Related Documents