Optimism In Voltaire's 'Candide'
Here, Voltaire is trying to convey through Candide that there will be terrible things that happen to people but also good things that happen to people in life. It was this balance of the two philosophies of Martin and Pangloss that Voltaire is trying to impress into the reader about how to view life. This balancing of the two philosophies shifts the work from an example of blind optimism being applied to every circumstance, as brought out by Pangloss and Candide, to an outlook on life that is more balanced between optimism and pessimism. Voltaire is trying to tell the reader that only following one of these philosophies will never work in every circumstance and that the reader should instead not just look at one side or the other but by mixing both philosophies and carefully weighing both philosophies the reader can have the right outlook on life. This further deepens the work as a whole by deepening the overall message being conveyed by