Marxist Analysis Of ' The Legend Of Sleepy Hollow ' Essay

941 Words Nov 15th, 2016 4 Pages
Marxist Critical Approach to “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” Marxist Criticism is based on the beliefs of world renowned German philosopher Karl Marx, and it highlights the importance of conflict and social class to the foundation of society. This criticism approach focuses on the struggle between dominant and subordinate groups, and identifies this conflict as the basis of society and social change. This approach also places immense importance on material possessions as a motivator for the people of society and a motivator that drives change in the world. Washington Irving’s “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” is the epitome of a Marxist text. Through its appeal to pathos and imaginative humor, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” exemplifies conflict between classes and a power struggle in the text and within the reader, therefore, making it a exceptional Marxist text. Not only does Irving create a struggle between dominant and subordinate figures in the text, but he also plays on primal fears and leaves his audience questioning the supernatural nature of the story. Moreover, by approaching “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” through a Marxist critical approach, the conflicts between upper-class and lower-class, intelligence and power, and imagination and reality become very evident and create the foundation of the text. One of the key concepts of Marxist Criticism is the struggle between upper-class and lower-class and the idea that this social conflict is the basis of society. Washington…

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