Martin Luther The Catalyst Of Reformation

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Religion was very important to the Europeans and the Roman Catholic church was the main religion for awhile till people began to want to question and determine their own understanding lead a division between Roman Catholic and Protestant. Because of Reformation from Henry VIII, Martin Luther’s 95 thesis, and John Calvin doctrines during the 15th and 16th century people in what is known as the Great Migration decided to venture into america that they could freely express their religion and theology, which influenced the culture, government, and society.
Henry VII was the first tudor to rule in 1485 and then handed off the crown to Henry III in hopes that he would seal a marital alliance with Spain. During the late 16th century,
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He was born in Germany and became a priest in 1507. Five years later he began to teach on scripture and became a doctor in theology. Around 1515 he began to question the doctrine of the Roman Church in indulgence and practices. He believed that God was the only one who could give salvation, that no matter how much money you put into to the church wouldn’t save you from purgatory. (Thackery) To vocalize his concerns and his differences he posted his Ninety Five Theses on the church door in Wittenberg and later sent to bishops and universities where it became published, and he was known all over. The Pope heard about it in Rome and wanted him excommunicated. (“Luther Martin”) He began to preach, a now popular sermon, that Jesus freed you from sin by dying on the cross, which he preached to sinners. ("Luther 's 95 Theses" ) That is used a lot in church today when people want to get baptized, in the call to the altar, or someone who wants to ask God into their lives. Martin was finally excommunicated in 1512 and was placed under ban but was saved by Frederick the Wise, his ruler and was able to still teach. Martin Luther was the jump start for the Reformation. (Luther, …show more content…
One of the things that set them apart was John Calvin’s emphasis on predestination. (Wells) Predestination is when you believe that God already knows who is going to be in heaven and who is not because he preordained it. (predestination) He studied in Paris in 1523 for five years till he began to disagree with the Roman church. In 1531 he began studying the classics and hebrew which lead to his interest in the uprising against the conservative religion. (“Calvin, John”) Calvin was persuaded to stay in Geneva by William Ferrel to lead the reformation movement called the “ Professor of Sacred Letters” till he was kicked out by the Geneva council in 1537. Soon after he began lecturing in holy scripture in Strasbourg. He returned to Geneva who welcomed him back and finally converted to protestantism. He created “Institutes of Christian Religion” and began to spread reform throughout Geneva.

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