Literature and Poetry Essay

607 Words Oct 29th, 2012 3 Pages
SSCI 206-1205-12

UNIT 1 IP

DAVID HARDIN

Psychodynamic: The founder of Psychodynamic is SIGMUND FREUD (1856–1939) is the most recognizable figure in psychologyeven to this day . Freud was a medical doctor in late 19th-century Vienna. After being unable to cure his patienets through hypnosis he encouraged them to talk about their problems, a therapeutic practice called psychoanalysis. By understanding what the connections between past trauma and present discomfort Freud’s patients were often relieved of their symptoms. Freud compared the structure of the human mind to an iceberg. The tip of the iceberg represents the conscious mind.
Below the surface are hidden events and emotions. Freud’s perspective
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Rogers championed a therapeutic technique called client-centered therapy. Te therapist expresses unconditional empathy, or acceptance and understanding, of the client’s subjective experience.
Abraham Maslow (1908–1970) investigated processes related to human moti- vation. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs proposed that all humans must satisfy basic needs, such as physiological necessity of food, water, and shelter, before they can realize their talents to the fullest. Humanistic psychology, which emphasizes the integrity of the individual, arose partly in reaction to behaviorism’s neglect of internal mental states. Te cognitive–behaviorist approach proposes that maladaptive behaviors are learned and can be replaced with healthier alternatives. The following are the underlying assumptions of the Confucian humanistic perspectiveswhich have led to major discussions in the literature concerning humanistic adult education: human nature, the self and autonomy, and self-actualization andselfcultivation. Unlike the Freudians who see human nature as disruptive an pessimistic,humanists

psychology are that human beings are intrinsically good and that their human natures possess constructive and trustworthy attributes.This view of many humanists in the

West.

Cognitive: Cognitive psychology investigates processes related to thinking, including memory, reasoning, and decision making.

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