Link Between Violence And Colonialism

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The link between violence and colonialism is seen in newspaper accounts across the globe: “Gandhi Is Killed by A Hindu; India Shaken, World Mourns; 15 Die in Rioting in Bombay Three Shots Fired ”, “54 Dead, 191 Hurt in Riots” in South Africa. Throughout the course of history, colonialism has often been depicted as violence on the innocents by an aggressor, all in all a very one sided series of violent oppressive acts by the colonial power upon a weaker subjugate indigenous group. However, with colonialism in India, South Africa, and the United States, the common theme was violent conviction in your beliefs, in which the colonial power’s role as giver or receiver of the violence varied with the situation. Rather than an obvious link in which …show more content…
Apartheid served to give the white minority the upper hand and political, social and economic power over the black native African majority. Apartheid controlled where the different races lived, what job they held, and how they were educated with the Group Areas Act, Population Registration Act, and Bantu Education Act. The native African population rose up against the restrictions and blatant racism of apartheid with peaceful protests, non-violent demonstrations, strikes, political action and eventually violent armed resistance, when their pleas for justice fell on the unsympathetic ears of the white minority. When numerous members of their cause were arrested for mainly nonviolent protest, including the leader of the movement and global icon Nelson Mandela, the anti-apartheid and anti-colonialist movement took a more aggressive turn, and the passive actions that had not helped them end apartheid before turned into violent acts. In 1960, violence erupted in Sharpeville with the Sharpeville massacre, when police fired upon a protesting crowd of native Africans and those sympathetic to their cause. In the retaliatory cycle of violence that followed, it is estimated that between 14,000 and 22,000 deaths occurred due to the political and social strife between the Dutch linked whites and the native African populations under Apartheid. The violence in South Africa, and disputes over the validity and morality of apartheid led to numerous economic sanctions and foreign investments pulling out of the area. It is estimated that the growth rate of South Africa’s economy decreased by approximately 1.5 percent during the 1980s and early 1990s, and the country went into debt, its economy ultimately failing due to the cyclic retaliatory violence within its

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