Kilauea Vs Fujiyama Essay

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Hawaii’s Kilauea versus Mount Fujiyama

Ever since I was a little girl I have always been fascinated with volcanoes. How do they work? How hot is the lava exactly? Can you travel down into the funnel of a volcano, and if so how and will you survive? And do all volcanoes function the same way? As a child, we never understood that the beautiful hot magma that flows from the volcano is dangerous and burns everything in its path. Two volcanoes that have always caught my eye is Hawaii’s Kilauea and Japan’s Mount Fujiyama. Both volcanoes are located on an island that was formed due to tectonic plates shifting, furthermore both volcanoes represent different types of volcano forms, however, Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano is still active while Japan’s Mount Fujiyama has not erupted since between 1707-1708. Havelock Ellis once said, “All civilization has from time to time become a thin crust over a volcano of revolution,” and when we think about his quote the forming of Hawaii and Japan both come to mind. In order to understand the volcanoes that
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The Hawaiian volcano Kilauea has been declared a shield volcano and Japan’s Mount Fujiyama is a composite volcano. Essentially both may seem alike, however they are notably different. The shield volcano of Kilauea, was produced by molten rock consisted of iron and magnesium called basaltic lava and resembles that of a dome shape. Kilauea height is about 4200 feet and has a 165m depth at its circular caldera, (Volcanic History of Kilauea). Mount Fujiyama however is a large composite volcano, produced by the crustal plate being melted after being sub ducted into the mantle. “Classic composite cones are large, nearly symmetrical structures consisting of alternating layers of explosively erupted cinders and ash interbedded with lava flows, (Foundations of Earth Science, pg.

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