Jap The War II And The Surrender Of The Imperial Japanese Government

2112 Words Dec 16th, 2014 9 Pages
After the ending of hostilities of World War II and the surrender of the Imperial Japanese government, Japan was disarmed and its armed forces completely decommissioned. American and Allied forces were put in the position of providing protection and security for the nation. As Japan focused on rebuilding itself from the ashes of war, the leadership of the American occupy forces under General Douglas MacArthur put pressure on the Japanese government to amend its prior Meiji Constitution of 1899 (LOC, 2006). However, after seeing a leaked draft of the Japanese revisions MacArthur without consulting the Japanese ordered his own team to draft a new Japanese constitution. At a meeting of both sides, the American rejected the Japanese version and directly them to redo it using the American version as the basis. Eventually a final draft, which closely mirrored the American version, was agreed on and adopted.
One of the key points that the American stressed was that they did not want to see Japan return to it militaristic ways. Accordingly, they demanded that any new constitution include a renunciation of war. The eventual result of those demands was Article 9; which reads in relevant part, “the Japanese people forever, renounce war as a sovereign right of the nations and the threat or use of force as a means of settling international disputes … the right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized” (LOC, 2006). Although the constitution was, in essence forced on the…

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