Iranian National Interest Evolved Throughout The History Of The Persian Nation

1225 Words Mar 29th, 2016 5 Pages
Iranian national interest evolved throughout the history of the Persian nation. Early in the 1950s, Shah Mohammed Pahlavi welcomed U.S. and Britain involvement in Iranian ventures, to include Iranian interest in nuclear energy, to advance Iran’s national interest. However, at this point Shah Pahlavi was a weak leader and as a result of allowing foreign nations to interfere in Iran he sparked tensions within the political leadership of Iran. Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh was one of the Shah’s fiercest critics and in an effort to remove Britain’s involvement in Iran he nationalized the Iran’s oil industry. Consequently, the United States and Britain led a coup with the assistance of Iran’s Shia clerical leadership and military to remove Mossadegh from his position. From this point, Shah Pahlavi, realizing his perceived weakness, took a more dictatorial stance in ruling the nation. Nevertheless, he continued to modernize Iran and further pursued his alliance with the United States, who chose to ignore the Shah’s oppressive actions towards the Iranian population. Due to Shah Pahlavi’s oppressive internal security measures and alliance with the United States, domestic opposition of the Shah’s rule ensued. The domestic opposition led to the Ayatollah Khomeini orchestrated 1979 Iranian revolution, causing the collapse of the Pahlavi dynasty. After the Shah fled Iran in 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini took control of the nation and declared it the Islamic Republic of…

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