Invasive Breast Cancer Essay

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About 1 in 8 U.S women will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime. In 2016, an estimated 246,660 new cases of invasive breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed in women in the U.S, along with 61,000 new cases of non-invasive breast cancer. All cancers begin in cells; our body has billons of cells. Cancer starts with changes of one cell or many cells. We have the right amount of cell in our body. The cells produce signals to control how much and how often cells divide. If something does not go correctly during this process. Cells may start to grow and multiply too much and starts to form a lump which is known as tumor. Whenever that tumor is located it is the primary tumor where everything starts. There are two types …show more content…
Since then cancer has been dated. According to Dr. Ananya Mandal, Ancient Egyptians were the first to note the disease more than 3500 years ago. It was noticeable in the woman by back then. Since technology wasn’t even around that time there was no way to prevent it. So the cancer just kept growing over time. Which the first doctors attempting to treat breast cancer using this method wrote of the mysterious disease: “There is no treatment!” In 400 B.C the father of western medicine described breast cancer as a humoral disease. Supposedly the body consisted of 4 humors, blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. However many other doctors believe it was due to something else. Through the rest of the years many other doctors have been coming to the same conclusions. Which came to multiple theories regarding the cause of breast cancer: humoralism, divine punishment, lack of (or too much) sexual activity, physical injuries, fear of breast cancer. However it wasn’t till 19th century was breast cancer was a serious issue that demanded attention to …show more content…
French physician suggested removal of the tumor could help treat breast cancer, however only if the infected lymph nodes of the armpits were removed. This was continued and lasted well into the twentieth century. This led to the creation of radical mastectomy or extensive removal of the breast. During the twentieth century modern medicine has increase and improved. This gave the patience that got the surgery done better chance of survival. Another surgery that came up in 1895 was to remove one of the ovaries. Reason being for this was that the reduction of the tumor after removal of the ovaries was due to the fact that estrogen from ovaries helped in growth the tumor and their removal helped to decrease the size of the tumor in the breast. Surgeons then begin to remove both of the ovaries instead of one. However they found out that adrenal gland was producing estrogen, and this lead to removing the adrenal gland to starve the tumor. In 1882 was the first ever mastectomy ever performed for a patient with breast cancer. It was the removal of both breath and lymph nodes. It was done so the cancers will not reoccur, however this left many of the patients with a long-term pain and disability. It wasn’t till 1970s when they started having better surgery, and better outcomes with lumpectomy. By 1985 research found out, after following the lumpectomy patients will get a radiation treatment. Radiation was used for to shrink the

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