Essay on International Standard Organisation
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
The ISO 9000 family addresses various aspects of …show more content…
All management systems, whether focused on quality, safety, or the environment, have certain core elements. These include: * Policy * Defined organization and responsibilities * Defined and documented standard practices * Control of critical operations * Document control (ensuring up-to-date documents are available where needed) * Training * Records system * Internal audits * Corrective action system * Management review for continual improvement
In the case of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001, there are similar (although not identical) requirements for all of these core elements.
Differences between ISO 9001 and ISO 14001
Although quality and environmental systems are based on the same management system framework, there are some critical differences. In addition to the core elements identified above, all management systems also have some elements which are unique to their particular focus area.
A quality system will include evaluation of suppliers and review of customer contracts. An environmental system will include methods of evaluating environmental impacts and systems for responding to emergencies. In addition to these specific unique clauses, there is a key underlying difference between a quality system and an environmental system. In a quality