Institutional Racism And The Politics Of Liberation Essay

762 Words May 8th, 2016 4 Pages
What are the primary ways of determining institutional racism and what are the strengths and pitfalls of each in working toward a Criminal Justice system that is culturally sensitive?
Institutional racism is defined by the text (McNamara, Burns) as the type discrimination built into the structure of society (McNamara & Burns, 2009, p. 329). However in the article Crack Pipes and Policing: A case Study of Institutional Racism and Remedial Action in Cleveland it was described as “one of the earliest conceptualizations of “institutional racism” was articulated by Stokely Carmichael and Charles Hamilton (1967), when they delineated its features and consequences in their book Black Power: The Politics of Liberation. They described institutional racism as pervasive, yet sub- merged within American bureaucracies and institutions, making it difficult to identify and combat, and resulting in a form of “inner colonialism” within the United States (Lynch, 2011, p. 180). While African Americans make up roughly thirteen (13%) percent of the U.S. population and fourteen percent (14%) of the drug users, they make up for thirty-seven percent (37%) of the total drug arrest. Those rates are anywhere from two (2) to eleven (11) times higher according to the U.S. Department of Justice (Quigley, 2010).
From the studies over the last weeks it’s been determined that African Americans as well as Hispanics are court cases are less likely to go court as Caucasians. Many would rather plead…

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