Imperialism in India and China Essay

1246 Words Mar 4th, 2010 5 Pages
British imperialism in China and India brought very different responses, in part because of the nature of imperialism in each place. While both regions were greatly influenced by the British, in India the country was placed under the direct rule of the Queen. In China on the other hand, the "spheres of influence" were economic, and did not entail direct British rule. During the British imperial age the culture of China continued on much the same as it had before, while in India the British tried to replace the Indian culture with their own. British influence in China began with the introduction of the opium drug. In England this drug was already widely in use, even among Christians. "William Wilberforce, the slave-trade abolitionist, …show more content…
The Company was a joint-stock company with exclusive rights over British trade in India. During the seven years war with France, the director of the company in India, Robert Clive, raised an army with which he fought the French and conquered the Bengal region. Over the next hundred years the corporation continued to expand its control and set up administrative regions throughout the empire. They opposed interventions by missionaries such as William Carey. By 1848 all of India was under control of the company. In order to conquer and administer the vast region it controlled, the East India Company relied on the Sepoys, Indians who worked for the British as soldiers. By the mid 1800s the Sepoys were becoming alarmed at the amount of territory the corporation seemed intent on taking. When, in 1857, they discovered that their bullet cartridges were greased with pork and beef fat (pork is forbidden to Muslims and beef is forbidden to Hindus), they rebelled. The two-year rebellion failed miserably, but had important consequences. In 1858 many Christians in Parliament condemned the Company because of the number of people getting killed in their massacres and the British parliament stepped in. They took control of India away from the East India Company, crowned Queen Victoria "Empress of India" and exiled the last Mughal emperor. From then on India was the model British colony. India supplied the British with raw material for their manufacturing business as well as a

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