Essay about Immanuel Kant 's Moral Theory

2002 Words Dec 13th, 2016 9 Pages
Immanuel Kant is a well know German philosopher who is considered to be the central figure to modern philosophy. In 1785, one of his famous works, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, was first published. This text is split up into three section, and within the second section is Kant’s well known moral theory. This theory states that everything in nature works according to laws and in order for a law to be a moral law, it must be a universal law. These laws apply to all rational beings, there are no exceptions. In this paper I lay out Kant’s moral theory, using the example of illegal downloading of music, and determine whether the theory can adequately respond to the lying objection. I will argue that a Kantian would not download music illegally and that the theory cannot adequately respond to the lying objection. In Kant’s moral theory, moral laws state the obligations, or duties, we have as rational beings. Moral laws are laws that are composed from reasoning alone and apply to all rational beings. In order to live a moral life, it is important you know what the moral law is because in order to follow a moral law, you must know it is a moral law. It is not enough to merely follow the moral law without knowing it. These laws can either be objective, meaning they are independent of how we think of it, or subjective, meaning it is limited to the individual. When something is willed to be objective law, it is law that everyone must follow, while a subjective law applies…

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