Case 1: A Bilateral Approach To Morality

970 Words 4 Pages
Divya Upadhyay
PHIL 130
11/01/17
Professor Skibra
A Bilateral Approach to Morality The core of the following analysis is centralized around two opposing theories formulated to constitute the grounds of morality: Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics. Through its respective beliefs, each perspective is initially explained and subsequently applied to the fundamental issue raised in Case 1, The Ethics of Lying, to provide an answer for what actions are regarded as morally “correct”.
Morality denotes the following: the extent to which an action is classified as “correct”. The variable “extent”, however, is the root of the development of two prominent approaches, one being the Utilitarian approach. Utilitarianism concerns the foundation of morality
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To consider whether or not such an action can be labeled as morally correct, it's essential to apply each doctrine to the scenario. Utilitarianism specifically focuses on the outcome of a certain action. This system of ethics claims that an action can be morally justified if its consequences produce the best outcome. In Case 1, the principles of morality that define Utilitarianism argue that it would be morally just to hide the letter regarding their job offer. If your loved one accepts the letter, you acknowledge that they will encounter harsher working conditions, such as the scarcity of resources and the long work-hours. Conducting a cost/benefit analysis would dictate that it's morally correct to simply hide the letter because it results in a greater amount of happiness and a lesser amount unhappiness. Your loved one would instead opt for the job offer that offered better pay and issued less hazardous conditions. Because Utilitarianism asks that we only focus on the outcome, the Utilitarian, as a result, would proclaim that hiding the letter from your loved one is the optimific action, and, in turn, morally correct. Kantian ethics, on the other hand, would approach the action in question from a contrasting viewpoint. Because Kant’s deontological theory claims that rightness of our actions are dependent upon whether or not the actions in play fulfill our moral duties, it's crucial to note that Kant believed moral duties derived from two formulations of the categorical imperative. In Case 1, the principles that govern the foundation of Kantian ethics would emphasize that it would be morally correct to give your loved one the letter. Kantian ethics differ from Utilitarianism in that it excludes the notion of taking outcomes into consideration. In such a case, its ideology would not

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