Immanuel Kant 's Kantian Ethics Essay

1540 Words Dec 13th, 2016 7 Pages
Immanuel Kant created Kantian ethics, an example of deontological moral theory which places focus on the morality of the action itself, rather than the morality of the consequences of the actions, or the morality of the person who committed the actions. Kant believed in the existence of an inherent good will within humans that would lead them to make moral and just decisions. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, on the other hand, completely rejects the idea of an inherent goodness and instead places focus on the idea that humans have a natural instinct to survive and be victorious and that the victors of social, economic, and political battles would determine what is good and bad. Nietzsche 's criticism of Kant centers on its acceptance of duty as the center origin for morals without questioning to whom the duty is for the universality of the categorical imperatives without taking into consideration external factors. Kant’s and Nietzsche’s differing views on the origin of morals extend into their views on the necessity of laws or imperatives, free will, and the motivations behind actions.
Immanuel Kant stated that the highest good must be good in itself and good without qualification of any external factor. For example, the goodness of of intelligence will depend on whether or not the person decides to use their intelligence to destroy the Earth or find the cure for cancer, therefore intelligence could not be considered the highest good. Happiness could not be considered the…

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