Hurricane Essay

804 Words 4 Pages
Hurricane Katrina was one of the most catastrophic hurricanes to ever hit the United States. A hurricane (also called Cyclones in other parts of the world) is a powerful, tropical storm spiral that results from low pressure systems. They are commonly found in tropical areas like around the equator. They are rain wrapped storms that cause massive amounts of damage to coast lines it comes in contact with. Hurricanes are one of the most powerful and destructive storms on earth. When you see one coming on the news, you begin to wonder; how are they formed? Just how destructive are they? How are they categorized?
Hurricanes are much like tornadoes, but they are formed over water. They have what is called “the eye” just like a tornado.
…show more content…
A hurricane of this size does minimal damage when the storm hits land. A category two hurricane reaches speeds from 96 to 110 miles per hour and results in moderate damage at landfall. A category three hurricane is when these storms begin to be life threatening and can cause many people to lose their homes. These 110-130 miles per hour winds can cause extensive damage to coast lines. A category 4 hurricane reaches wind speeds from 131 to 155 miles per hour and cause extreme damage. Hurricanes become catastrophic at a category five storm when they reach wind speeds from 155 miles per hour and higher (Erickson). Some storms will be more ferocious than others depending on the route of the storm system. Sometimes tropical storms can cause more deaths than category three and four hurricanes because of the location the storm makes landfall (Information on Hurricanes and Tropical Storms for Young People).
Hurricanes begin to weaken once it hits land due to loss of warm ocean waters. When the hurricane makes landfall it often produces a devastating storm surge that can reach up to twenty feet in height and reach outwards to 100 miles in diameter. A storm surge is the rise of ocean waters caused by extreme winds blowing over the seas surface. Ninety percent of deaths from hurricanes are caused by storm surges (National Geographic ). Storm surges are the main cause of the flooding in hurricane (Information on Hurricanes and Tropical Storms for Young

Related Documents