Human Trafficking Throughout The World

1622 Words 7 Pages
In 1865, the United States Congress passed a law abolishing slavery. Although overlooked as a modern day concern, slavery is still profound throughout the world in the form of human trafficking. According to the Department of Human Services, human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery involving the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain (“What is Human”). As a global issue, victims are targeted everywhere from the United States to Nigeria, Nepal, and even India. There are many components that contribute to the unfortunate truth that slavery still occurs. Human trafficking has become an increasingly significant global affair in the world due to factors such as the increase of trafficking, poverty, the effects on victims, …show more content…
In 2013, 4,884 cases were reported and in 2015, 5,544 cases were taken into legal action (“Hotline Statistics”). This number disregards the amount of victims in each case, in which there are about 600,000 to 800,000 people are trafficked across international borders every year. Additionally, there is an estimated approximation of 20 to 30 million slaves in the world today (“11 Facts”). Human trafficking continues to be the fastest growing criminal industry in the world and although many laws have been implemented for regulation, it still continues. The lack of enforcement in regards to these laws is a big contribution to the continuity of this issue (Deane). The issue of human trafficking is much more prominent in adults than it is in children, but women and children are most often victimized than men (“Hotline Statistics”). Modern day slavery goes beyond forced labor, which only accounts for about 19% of this issue. Sex slavery is more significant, with about 81% of cases being classified as forms of sexual exploitation. These victims endure other terrible things such as domestic servitude and forced marriage, exploitation of children, and organ removal and sales (“UNODC”). In conclusion, the evident increase of global trafficking is concerning and should be noted by all in order for this issue to be …show more content…
HIV and AIDS are commonly seen amongst trafficked humans because sexual exploitation is the most prominent form of trafficking. Not only are HIV and AIDS seen, but infertility in females can also result (“Medical Effects”). Severe and untreated Sexually Transmitted Infections can lead to this infertility, along with mishandled abortions. In sex trafficking, abortion is a serious and concerning trend. One study amongst victims of trafficking shows that 55% of the women had an abortion during their time trafficked and 30% of those women had multiple abortions (Brown). Victims do not only suffer as a result of rape, but on multiple other accounts. Malnourishment and severe dental issues are common, especially with those trafficked from a young age. The lack of nutrients received from a young age can cause weak bones, stunting their growth and resulting in rotted or poorly formed teeth (“Medical Effects”). Those who are trafficked on accounts of labor suffer from various issues from working on accounts that the body can not handle. Respiratory issues, hearing loss, and weak eyesight have all been noted because of the terrible working conditions these people endure (“Common Health”). As a whole, those who are victimized by human trafficking face many life-long physical issues that can be deteriorating to human

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