Human Papillomavirus ( Hpv Vaccination Essay

1600 Words 7 Pages
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection in the United States. HPV family of viruses comprises many oncogenic and non-oncogenic types that cause anal, penile, and oropharyngeal cancers and anogenital warts in men respectively. It is estimated that more than 80% of sexually active men and women will be infected with at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives (Chesson et al., 2014). Moreover, genital HPV infection is most common among sexually active adolescents and young adults (Partridge et al., 2007). The prevalence of HPV infection among men aged 18 to 70 was found to be around 50%, with 30% and 38% prevalence of oncogenic and non-oncogenic types respectively (Giuliano et al., 2011). The most effective strategy to prevent genital HPV and HPV related diseases is HPV vaccination.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Gardasil and Gardasil 9 vaccines for use in males. HPV vaccines are highly effective in preventing infection with the types of HPV they target when given before initial exposure to the virus, mainly before individuals begin to engage in sexual activity. To date, protection against the targeted HPV types has been found to last for at least 8-9 years (Ferris et al., 2014; Naud et al., 2014). Men play a significant role in the acquisition and transmission of HPV. They generally have more sexual partners than women and rarely experience symptoms (Jones and Cook, 2008). Moreover, unlike females there is no…

Related Documents