Vaccine Coverage

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Vaccine Coverage in the Population
Annually, immunization saves approximately three million lives worldwide from preventable illnesses (ABS, 2006). However, there are 22.6 million infants that are at risk of not survive past childhood as they cannot access vaccination. Immunization plays a crucial part in strengthening the immunity of young children as they usually have weak immune systems. Also, some immunizations usually provide a lifelong protecting against the disease targeted. The vaccine coverage depend on the type of vaccine offered; some vaccines that are less popular to the care givers are usually less covered compared to popular vaccines (Bond et al, 1998). There is a need to determine the factors that prevent them from accessing
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Parents with advanced education levels are keen on complying with all the vaccination exercise compared to their less educated counterparts. This can be attributed to the fact that such parents are not only aware of the safety of the vaccine, but also the consequences of not complying with them (Laurence, Hull & MacIntyre, 2004). On the other hand, less educated parents are confused on whether to comply with the medication that they are not sure of or avoid the consequences of not immunization.
Another social determinant is the opportunities provided by the vaccination campaigns. The government may decide to target a specific area or population that is considered less covered compared to the national average. The presence of door to door services will ensure that the area can access the vaccines easily leading to increased coverage. On the other hand, areas that will not receive such campaigns will be left behind and the vaccine coverage will depend on the efforts of the care givers (Laurence, Hull & MacIntyre,
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There is a need to look at the education system to ensure that the subject of immunization is addressed the earliest in the education to allow the future generation to access full information. This will assist in ensuring that all future parents can access the information before they decide to focus on non-biological career or decide to drop out of school earlier. The idea is also supported by Leask and colleagues (2009) as they suggest that the vaccination campaign should be more educational where the parents can be taught about the pros and cons of vaccination compliance.
Additionally, there is a need for the ministries involved to conduct parenthood seminars to all mother and aspiring mothers. A short course on parenting can offer the best platform for mothers to learn more about vaccination and the consequences of non-compliance. Also, there should be a policy that will ensure that care givers are provided with parental care education. The policy will formalized the program and guarantee funding while at the same give the health care providers the mandate to conduct the exercise in a formal

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