Human Nature: A Universal Condition Of Humanity
A dolphin would not appreciate fine art, a gorilla cannot teach herself to speak French, and a dog is not going to check out a library book. While it is important to recognize the similarities we have with animals, it is also important to understand the crucial ways in which we are different.
5. Gazzaniga explains an experiment that was done in 1971, named “Newborn’s Response to the Cry of Another Infant.” In this experiment, babies who had been alive for only a few days cried in response to the distress of other infants. While the response of the newborns may seem natural or obvious, it has a serious implication that empathy is innate. If empathy is the ability to “feel” and understand the happiness and suffering of others, and morality is the desire to help others achieve happiness and relieve their suffering, then this experiment implies …show more content…
The fact that human beings can recognize unjust laws and cruel social norms is evidence in itself that a universal ethics exists. Morality as a social construct is subject to distortion because of religion, politics, money, misconceptions, corruption, and many other reasons. However, moral code as a product of evolution is pure, and will influence pure actions as long as we will it; it is what enables us to recognize when the majority is acting in the wrong, and it is what encourages us to protect the weak. It is the reason that Abraham Lincoln put an end to slavery even though the majority of Americans supported it. It is the element that sets human beings apart from other animals in the moral community, and the reason we have evolved into the beings that we are today. Moral code simply could not survive if it were something as fickle and malleable as social