HU4640 Project Part1 Essay

1663 Words Aug 27th, 2015 7 Pages
Project Part 1
An Introduction to Ethical Theories

ITT Technical Institute, Hanover MD
Mathew Leetch
July 22, 2015
An Introduction to Ethical Theories
This paper is going to discuss Ethics and Ethical Theories. It will include an introduction to ethical theories, virtue ethics, and care ethics. There will be sections discussing absolutism versus relativism, consequentialism versus deontological ethics, and lastly, free will versus determinism. It will also include a discussion about the study of morality and identify which of the approaches (Scientific, Philosophical, or Theological/Religious) are closest to my own personal beliefs. There will be a discussion regarding the three sources of ethics
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A prime example of care ethics is of a nurse who wants to help a patient die, but who will not do so as it violates professional duty (IEP).
Absolutism vs Relativism
Absolutism is the ethical belief that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judged, and that certain actions are right or wrong, regardless of the context of the act (ROBERSON). A very good example of an absolutist ethical decision is that GOD has created the 10 commandments. All judgments in life are based upon these commandments.
Relativism is any theory holding that truth or moral or aesthetic value, etc, is not universal or absolute but may differ between individuals or cultures (PIONEERS). An example of this is Islamic rules. If someone steals, the appropriate punishment is to remove their hand. However, in the U.S.A. this is considered immoral.
Cultural relativism is the principle of regarding the beliefs, values, and practices of a culture from the viewpoint of that culture itself (HERSKOVITS). In Christian society, Sunday is day of the Sabbath whereas Jewish society believes the day of the Sabbath to be Saturday.
I am more of a relativist with flavorings of absolutism. I personally believe in the 10 commandments, however not everything is black or white. In this day and age, with everything available at the touch of our fingers on the internet, not everybody in the work believes in the same thing. How can I

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