Hot Spot Policing : Hot Spots Policing Essay

923 Words Oct 23rd, 2016 4 Pages
Hot spot policing extends on the traditional police approach by incorporating an analytical approach. The key premise behind hot spot policing is that a large number of crimes happen in particular areas (Boba 2009). Targeted policing such as ‘hot spots’ policing has been effective in reducing crime in areas where crime is highly concentrated and commonplace (Rosenfeld, Deckard & Blackburn 2014). With the integration of advanced technology, police can generate digital crime maps mapping to locate hot spots within cities (Boba 2009). This strategy has been implemented in various policing organisations worldwide (Rosenfeld, Deckard & Blackburn 2014). According to Drew and Prenzler (2015), findings associated with hot spot policing methodology resulted in reduced offending rates. For example, a study in Missouri found that direct patrolling two known firearm assault ‘hot spots’ for nine months resulted in a substantially reduced crime rate (Rosenfeld, Deckard & Blackburn 2014). To summarise, there is significant empirical evidence of the effectiveness of directed patrol, POP, and proactive arrests within hot spot areas (Drew & Prenzler 2015). Whilst hot spot policing aims to prevent crime by patrolling high crime areas, third party policing aims to prevent crime through pairing with third parties.

Third party policing involves the efforts of police to persuade or assist third parties, such as landlords, parents, local governments, and business leaders, to participate in taking…

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