The Honey Bee Body

1949 Words 8 Pages
Introduction
The western or European honey bee has the genus name Apis Mellifera which means "bee" and "honey bearing". Honey bee body has 3 parts, two pairs of wings, six legs and two compound eyes. Moreover, there are three kinds of honey bees in a hive, one Queen bee, many worker bees and a few drones. They have different chore in the hive. They live in colonies or hives and collect nectar and pollen as their food. Honey bees are also known as the best pollinators when they visit from one flower to another flower. Finally, the honey that they produce is an important source of human society.

Anatomy and Physiology
The honey bee 's body has three main parts, the head, the thorax and the abdomen. The head has antennae, eyes and the mouth.
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These glands secrete wax and is removed from mouth to build hexagonal cell comb.
The worker bee or sterile female bee does all the jobs. They take care of the queen bee and brood, clean out the comb cell, build the hive, and protect others from enemies. Moreover, they collect nectar, water, pollen and Propolis.
The young worker begins with the cleaning the cells for eggs and food storage. The queen bee will inspect each cell and she will lay only if the cells are clean and polished. Each cell is prepared and cleaned by 15 to 30 worker bees alternating in turns and it takes about 40 minutes to clean a cell. When the young worker bee gets older begins nursing young larvae and queen, because their mandibular gland also mature to produce royal jelly. When, these worker 's mandibular glands lose it 's function, their eight wax glands develop to build comb cells. These wax cells are tipped up from their base to prevent the nectar and honey flowing out. They also fix the comb with their wax and Propolis to create a strong comb. As a worker bee gets older, their wax glands also atrophy, therefore, worker bee guards the hive 's entrance first from an attack of wasps, ants, birds and mammals and second from robber bees from other colonies that want to steal the hive. Guard bees can recognize these robber bees by their different way of flighting and their odor, because each colony has a unique odor. Finally, within three weeks of age, a worker bee begins to forage and collect food. Nectar collected is regurgitates to house bee’s mouth when they return to the hive, then leave the hive and go to collect more food again. Worker bees collects also the pollen in its pollen basket until it gets large enough to return to hive and deposit it in cells. Most of worker bees die in the field, foraging up to three weeks of food collection, living about six weeks. (Gould, James,

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