History Notes on Cuban Missile Crisis and Protest in America in the 1960's

4807 Words Nov 18th, 2012 20 Pages
History Matric Notes.
The Cuban Missile Crisis.
This was the most serious crisis between the USA and USSR in the history of the Cold War. Cuba was a communist country only 90 miles off the coast of USA. In October 1962 US spy planes identified nuclear missile sites being built in Cuba.
Background:
Cuba traditionally had a passive relationship with the USA. Batista who was president/dictator at the time was viewed as safeguard against communism by the USA, but when revolutionary Fidel Castro overthrew him in 1959 they became suspicious. Castro introduced socialist reforms and started trade negotiations with the Soviet Union.
‘At the height of the Cold War, the existence of a communist country so close to the United States was viewed
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Brinkmanship – The practice of pushing a dangerous situation or confrontation to the limit of safety especially to force a desired outcome.

Civil Rights Movement
The 1960’s was a decade of popular protest. The CRM in the US was a great e.g. of how effective popular mass protests could be. As a result there was less discrimination against African Americans. Some activists felt that the CRM did not go far enough and the Black Power Movement then arose. At the same time women began to demand equal rights and their was a widespread opposition to the American war in Vietnam which led to protests by students for international peace.
The Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement in the USA.
In the 1960’s, African American made up 10% of the population. Many of them did not have the same political rights as white Americans as there was prejudice and discrimination against them. This lead to the emergence of the CRM which used non-violent tactics to demand quality and end segregation. Others however adopted the more violent and radical approaches of the BPM.
The position of African Americans in the 1960’s
Even though there was progress in the 1950’s African Americans were still subjected to segregation and discrimination, especially in the

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