History, Evolution, And Impact Of Laws And Legislation Of Autism Spectrum Disorder

1372 Words Oct 15th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction Autism Spectrum Disorder has its own IDEA disability category. In the 1960s the prevalence of diagnosis was 1 in 150 and by 2011 the prevalence climbed to 1 in 88 (Hallahan, Kaufmann & Pullen, 2015). This paper will discuss the history, evolution, and impact of laws and legislation of Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Definition
The IDEA defines Autism: "Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three that adversely affects a child 's educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences (IDEA, n.d.)."
Early History Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler first used the term “autistic” in the year 1908. He used this term to describe a form of schizophrenia that is characterized by withdrawal from human contact, like what can occur in autism spectrum disorder. The word “autistic” has its origins from the Greek word “autos” which means self (PBS, 2013). In the 1940s, there were two scientific papers written and published that affected the future of autism. The first paper was written by a man named Leo Kanner, “Autistic Disturbance of Affective Contact,” was a report written on observations of 11 children from the Children’s Psychiatric Unit at John Hopkin’s University.…

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